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John Broadwood and Son 1803

Description

Date: 1803

Origin: London

Serialnumber: 2741

The case is made of mahogany with inlays of different woods. Three brass locks to close the lid are mounted around the case.The keyboard is made of ivory and ebony, the hammers are covered with leather, triple strung and the instrument has single dampers.

The piano rests on the original trestle stand with two integrated wooden pedals on both sides for lifting up the dampers (right) and due corde / una corda (left). At the end of the right side of the keyboard is a small stop which allows changing between due corde and una corda when pressing the pedal. The compass is 5 ½ octaves (FF – c4).

The serial number (2741) is written in ink on the left side of the wrest plank

The nameboard bears the inscription:

“1803

John Broadwood and Son

Makers to His Majesty

and the Princesses

Great Pulteney Street Golden Square

London

The signature on the nameboard “John Broadwood and Son” was used from 1794 after John Broadwood’s son James Shudi Broadwood (1772 – 1851) entered the company. Previously all instruments were always signed with “Johannes Broadwood Londini fecit” (see the nameboard of the square piano from 1790 in the Eric Feller Collection).

The compass of 5 ½ octaves (FF – c4) was introduced by Broadwood in 1791 – before that all instruments (grand and square pianos) had only 5 octaves (one of the first fine examples with a 5 ½ octaves compass is the 1792 grand piano also in the Eric Feller Collection).

In a letter from James Shudi Broadwood to Thomas Bradford on 13th November 1793 he wrote that they had started in 1791 (following the advice of the composer Johann Ladislaus Dussek (1760 – 1812) who was in London at the time) with building pianos of 5 ½ octaves compass.

Today it is known that John Broadwood sold his first two grand pianos in January 1785. One was sold to Tyler of Bath (a music dealer) and the other to Count Brühl, Saxon ambassador and music patron. Both pianos were sold at a price of 55 pounds each.

Today the oldest surviving grand piano by John Broadwood was build in 1787. (see: Michael Cole)

This grand piano of 1803 is identical to the second fortepiano of John Broadwood also from 1803 in the Collection. Compared to the other grand piano it is obvious from the serial number that this instrument was made towards the end of 1803 since (according to Michael Cole) the production of grand pianos was around 200-250 per year.

So far 3 fortepiano from the year 1803 are known:

  1. Serial number 2526 – Collection Jörg Demus
  2. Serial number 2624 – Eric Feller Collection
  3. Serial number 2741 – Eric Feller Collection

 

 

John Broadwood was born on 6th October 1732 in Oldhamstocks near Cockburnspath in Scotland. He learned the profession of being a cabinetmaker like his father before.

In 1761 he started working for Burkat Shudi (1702 – 1773) in London and in 1770 became his business partner. In 1771 he opened his own shop on Great Pulteney Street in London. In 1769 he married Burkat Shudi’s daughter Barbara in her first marriage and had four children with her. After his wife’s death in 1776 he married Mary Kitson in 1781 and had six children with her. He died on 17th July 1812 in London.

 

 

Other surviving instruments by John Broadwood and Son:

  • 1787 grand piano (No. 208) – Collection Charles Colt, Bethersdes UK
  • 1792 grand piano (No. 452) – Metropolitan Museum, New York USA
  • 1800 grand piano (No. 1835) – Collection Charles Colt, Bethersdes UK
  • 1806 grand piano (No. 3500) – Museum of Art, Columbia USA

 

 

John Broadwood and Son, London 1803 - Eric Feller Collection - Vorsatzbrett

John Broadwood and Son, London 1803 – Eric Feller Collection – Nameboard

Length: 227 cm

Width: 105 cm

Height: 30 cm

Circumference: 5 ½ octaves (FF – c4)

Mechanics: english action

Pedals: 2 pedals controlling dampers and due corde – una corda

Signature: "1803
John Broadwood and Son
Makers to His Majesty
and the Princesses
Great Pulteney Street Golden Square
London"